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Cluster Feeding: All You Need To Know

Updated: Jan 4, 2023

As a new parent, it can be overwhelming trying to figure out your baby's feeding schedule and habits. One common occurrence that many parents experience is something called "cluster feeding." This refers to when a baby feeds frequently and intensely over a short period of time, often in the evening.

While it can be frustrating and tiring for parents, cluster feeding is actually a normal and important part of a newborn's feeding pattern. In this article, we will explore what cluster feeding is, why it happens, and how to manage it as a parent.

What is cluster feeding?

Cluster feeding is a pattern of feeding in which a baby demands to be fed more frequently after small intervals often in the later half of the day. This can involve feeding every hour or more frequently for several hours at a time.

During a cluster feeding session, a baby may also feed for longer periods of time than usual and may seem more demanding or fussy.

Why does cluster feeding happen?

There are several theories as to why cluster feeding occurs. One theory is that it is the baby's way of increasing the milk supply.

During the first few weeks of life, a baby's stomach is very small and can only hold a small amount of milk at a time. As a result, they need to feed more frequently to get the nutrients they need. By cluster feeding, a baby can stimulate the production of breast milk, which can help to increase the milk supply over time.

Another theory is that by cluster feeding, babies try to comfort themselves and feel secure. Many babies are fussier and need more attention in the evening, and cluster feeding can be a way for them to get the comfort and security they need.

Nonetheless, cluster feeding can simply be a result of the way the baby's feeding and sleep patterns are developing. Newborns have not yet established a regular feeding and sleep schedule, and it can take time for this to happen.

How to spot cluster feeding?

Identifying cluster feeding in a newborn baby can be difficult, as it is normal for them to request frequent feedings. However, there are a few signs that may indicate that your baby is engaging in cluster feeding. These signs include:

● Showing signs of hunger after a feed, such as chewing their hands or rooting and opening their mouths

● Constantly crying and being inconsolable with other soothing techniques

● Wanting to feed for prolonged periods of time, which can last for a few hours

● Only being happy when they are feeding

● Tendency to cluster feed in the evenings

● Having regular wet and dirty diapers

If you notice any of these signs in your baby, it is possible that they are engaging in cluster feeding. It is important to remember that breastfed babies are typically fed on a supply-and-demand style of feeding, as breast milk is more easily digested and it is generally believed that breastfed babies cannot be overfed. However, if you are formula-feeding your baby, be mindful of the amount of milk you are giving them, as the nutrient makeup of formula is different from breast milk.

Managing cluster feeding as a parent can be challenging, especially if it is happening frequently or if the baby is particularly fussy. Here are a few tips for managing cluster feeding:

  1. Be prepared: It can be helpful to have everything you need for a cluster feeding session within reach, such as a comfortable place to sit, water, snacks, and a good book or TV show to watch.

  2. Take breaks: If you are breastfeeding, it can be helpful to take breaks during a cluster feeding session to rest and recharge. You can express some milk and have someone else feed the baby with a bottle, or you can use a breastfeeding supplementer to help feed the baby.

  3. Get support: The process to deal with a fussy baby on your own can be overwhelming, especially if you are also dealing with sleep deprivation. Enlist the help of a partner, family member, or friend to provide support and relieve some of the burdens.

  4. Remember that it’s temporary: Cluster feeding is a normal and temporary part of a newborn's feeding pattern. It is important to try to stay calm and remind yourself that it will not last forever.

  5. Seek professional help if needed: If you are struggling to manage cluster feeding or if you are concerned about your baby's feeding habits, it can be helpful to seek the advice of a healthcare professional or lactation consultant.

Is Cluster Feeding A Sign Of Low Milk Supply?

It is common for parents to worry that their baby's cluster feeding may be a sign of low milk supply. However, cluster feeding is actually a normal and natural part of a baby's development, and it does not necessarily indicate that the baby is not getting enough milk. As long as the baby is breastfeeding on demand and producing the appropriate amount of wet and dirty diapers, it is likely that they are receiving the necessary nutrients from breast milk. In fact, breast milk contains all the nutrients that a baby needs for proper growth and development.

If you do have concerns about your baby's feeding habits or milk supply, it is always a good idea to speak with a healthcare professional or lactation consultant. They can provide guidance and support to help ensure that your baby is receiving the proper nutrition and that your milk supply is meeting their needs.

Cluster feeding is a normal and important part of a newborn's feeding pattern. As parents, you can try to understand what cluster feeding is, why it happens, and how to manage it to make the process easier. While it can be frustrating and tiring, it is important to remember that it is temporary and that it can serve a number of important purposes, such as increasing milk supply and providing comfort and security to the baby. By being prepared, taking breaks, getting support, and seeking help if needed, parents can manage cluster feeding and support their baby's feeding and development.


New Fawn Photography – based in Newport - specialises in newborn, baby, and maternity photography for families in and around South Wales.

Want to know more about Maternity Photoshoots? Visit the dedicated page to discover how to capture your journey to Motherhood.

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